Thursday, February 23, 2012

Gokyo Lake Trekking

The Gokyo Lake Trek

The Gokyo Lake Trek is perhaps the most spectacular of the valleys in the Everest region and while the trail to Everest Base Camp gets close to the world’s highest mountain there are those who suggest the view from Gokyo Peak offers the best panoramic view in the region. The trail to Gokyo has a network of small lodges which have recently seen big improvements in food and accommodation facilities. This now makes the programme ideally suited to lodge-based trekking. The highlights are many, the sensational Ngozumpa Glacier, one of the largest in the Nepal Himalaya, the lakes at Gokyo, and the side trek to the top of Gokyo Kang (5360m) where the views are the amongst the most spectacular in Nepal including four 8,000-metre peaks: Cho-Oyo (8153m), Makalu (8475m), Lhotse (8511m) and, of course, Mount Everest (8848m). This trek explores around the breathtaking Gokyo valley which is located adjacent of the Khumbu. Gokyo is a land of high altitude lakes. From where you will have a magnificent view of highest peaks, from the west to east are Cho you (8,153m), Gyachung Kang (7,922m), Everest ( 8848m), Lhotse (8,501m) and further way Makalu, On the way to descent you can enjoy, superb view of Gokyo Lake.

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Everest Renjo La and Cho La Pass Trekking is a very popular trekking destination for trekkers who want really adventure high passes in the World. It offers to see you differnt highest mountain include Mt.Everest mountains. It offers to see you an ancient Sherpa settlements,Sherpa Culture’s and Buddhist religon.As well as ,we see some wild animals musk deer,thar and nepal’s national birds- phasant on the way. Renjo La and Cho La Pass Trekking begins with a dramatic scenic flight to Lukla and the trek starts downhill to the Dudh Koshi River passing through many local villages en route.

This trek offers the best of the mountain scenery including the view point of Kala Patthar (5,545m) where you can see more than 30 of the highest mountains along with Mt. Everest,Everest Base Camp and the cracking glacier. In addition, you can also visit the Buddhist Monasteries, explore hidden Yeti legends, meet the friendly sherpa people and find rare Himalayan flora and fauna. This really is breathtaking mountain scenery and is well worth of the traditional sherpa’s villages, magnificent view of the himalayas, rhododendron forests, terraced fields, and summer pastures for yak grazing–before moving into the stark landscape of glaciers and ice.On the way,we get a chance to visit monasteries in the heart of Sherpa country, where you can observe the monks daily prayers. You’ll also hike to the Khumbu glacier to visit the iconic Everest Base Camp, where climbers following the steps of Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay prepared for their summit attempts.

Everest Base Camp Trek
Everest Base Camp Trek has been a very popular destination for trekkers since first expeditions to the Nepalese side of the Mount Everest in the 1953.
The Trekking starts from Lukla, ends to Lukla and needs for two weeks.To walk down Phakding and follows the Dudh Kosi river which climbs up to the Sherpa capital of Namche . Namche is a bustling bazaar, the main gate for trekkers,offers to see you highest Mountain Everest ,an ancient unique Sherpa settlements and Sherpa Culture’s. Along the trail, Chance to see a wildlife animals musk deer,thar and nepal’s national birds- phasant. Villages are interspersed with magnificent forests of rhododendron, magnolia and giant firs.
Tengboche is famous for monastery highest in Nepal-3867 mtrs, surrounded by dwarf firs and rhododendrons. Sound of Monks prayers and chanting attract all tourists to stop for a while.The monastery is structurally located on a top ridge with commanding views of the Everest landscape.Continue walk up to a village of Pagboche and Pheriche and to see a spectacular views of the Ama Dablam, Tawache and other peaks and then finally to highest camp at Gorak Shep.
Everest Base Camp is really breathtaking mountain scenery and is a massive of khumbu glaciers. From where climbers following the steps of Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay prepared for their summit attempts. 
We also have the opportunity to ascend Kala Pattar [5554m] from where we can get some awesome spectacular views of Mt. Everest and Himalayan giants which literally numb your senses with breathless admiration that beholds the eye; and makes up for the lung-bursting climb that took you up there. Finally making our way back down to Lukla.

Everest Tengboche Trek

Everest Tengboche Trek is a very popular destination for trekkers in the World.It offers to see you highest Everest mountains ,an ancient Sherpa settlements,Sherpa Culture’s and Buddhist religon.As well as ,we see some wild animals musk deer,thar and nepal’s national birds- phasant on the way. Everest Tengboche trek which takes you into the heart of the mountains and the culture of the Everest region to the foot of the great peak itself. Commencing in Lukla (Airstrip for Everest) you trek up to the Sherpa capital of Namche Bazar). A day is spent here for acclimatization and just soaking up the atmosphere of this bustling village before heading on up through Tenboche (Visiting the great monastery) It offers to see you Sherpa culture ,religon and mountain in Everest.

Nepal Trekking Grade

Nepal Trekking Grade

In order to enjoy your trekking in Nepal necessary to know trekking Grade of Nepal which treks matches most with your physical capabilities. For many of our treks, you can choose between staying in tea-house or camping.
• The total duration of the trekking. 
• The duration of stay at high altitude (+3000m). 
• The maximum difference in altitude per day. 
• The condition of the terrain. 
• The average duration of the daily stages. 
• The night temperatures.
Nevertheless we want to warn our trekkers that the level of difficulty of a trek is very subjective. Weather conditions, your physical condition, possible health problems during the trek and other factors can have an important influence on the way you experience a trek. Trekking in the following ranks as below:

Trekking Grade: Easy
For trekkers with no previous experience, we offer a diverse range of easy trekking. By easy, we mean that trek involves no difficult climbing or ascents to high altitudes, takes usually no more that a week and is suitable for anyone. However, you should not think that loss of height means loss of interest; while our more challenging treks get you closer to a small number of mountain ranges; lower altitude treks often provide colorful horizons of a whole series of ranges. High or low, mountain villages reachable only by several days walk from the road such as Annapurana Ghorepani trekking, Jomsom valley trekking, Shivapuri trekking,village tour, Siklis trek ,the Royal Trek and chisapani trekking. Whilst you will still pass through many remote villages, these regions are so unspoilt as to have no tea-houses, and you will need to camp. Again, the range of mountains you can view on these treks is superb.

Trekking Grade: Moderate 
These trips are not so hard. Maximum walking 6-7 hours and it's below 4000 meters. Any reasonably fit person should be able to manage these trips. This grade applies for 7-16 days walking up and down and climbs to higher altitudes, where you will be rewarded with close-up views of big mountains. For a well-trodden route with good tea-house facilities.

Grade 3 Moderate + :
walking up and down and climb to higher altitudes, where you will be rewarded with close-up views of big mountains. For a well-trodden route with good tea-house facilities .They ascend to altitudes of up to 500m and involve some steep climbing.For a popular and spectacular trek, with the possibility of staying in well-developed tea houses, the Annapurna circuit is a good choice. A gradual ascent through a green river alley will lead you up to a number of high passes, where you will reach the altitude of 5416m. This trek will give you a close insight into Tibetan culture. Another understandably popular trek, with good tea house facilities, is the Everest Base camp. The goal of this trek speaks for itself, but in achieving it, you cross a glacier, see Mt.Everest and a whole variety of soaring peaks and experience the rich Sherpa culture. For a real adventure in wild and Makalu Base Camp the Makalu trek traverses many high passes before reaching the Base Camp at 5000m. The Tibetan plateau of Mustang is a wild, treeless desert. The last two treks are possible only if you camp.

Trekking Grade: Strenuous or Hard
We consider this level the hardest available trek in Nepal, but still these treks are in reach of most people. However, you must be very fit for this sort of trip. Those who suffer from asthma, high blood pressure, heart disease or complicated medical conditions adversely affected by strenuous exercise may not participate. These trips are above 5000 meters and for the duration of 20 days and above.All are camping expeditions. The exception is the Simikot trek, which is very remote with a truly undeveloped culture (quite a shock.) This can be accomplished in a shorter time (7-14 days.) However, you can also use the little-visited Simikot as the starting point for a trip to Mount Kailash (20 days.)

A trek through the isolated Dolpo region us one of the few good possibilities for the summer months, as the area gets little rain. Manaslu, like Annapurna, is a circuit trek and passes through Tibetan villages in a little-visited, restricted area. A trip to Kanchanjunga, the third highest mountain in the world, will take you into the remote Far East region of Nepal. 

Nepal Trekking Female Guide

Nepal Trekking Female Guide

 Nepal female trekking guide and female trekking porters are   in Nepal trekking himlaya region. It is much easier both male and female porters and guides for female trellers. If female trekkers would trek with female guides, we support to have her during your Nepal trekking.Even though we have excellent recommendations and experiences from single female trekkers about our male guides, we do understand that some prefer to be accompanied by only women staff.

Trekking Accommodation in Nepal

Trekking Accommodation in Nepal

 A tea-house is a local run guest house, but standards vary enormously. In popular areas such as Annapurna region area, Langtang region area and Everest region area good for tea houses are more like hotels, with hot water, Western food and private rooms, whereas in remote areas, they are far simpler and more authentically Nepali. Tea-house trekking is less expensive than camping, and is suitable for small groups. With large groups, irrespective of the area, it is more practical to camp. In this trekking area ,you will get telephone services and internet services.

What Causes Altitude Illnesses ?

What Causes Altitude Illnesses ?

The concentration of oxygen at sea level is about 21% and the barometric pressure averages 760 mmHg. As altitude increases, the concentration remains the same but the number of oxygen molecules per breath is reduced. At 12,000 feet (3,658 meters) the barometric pressure is only 483 mmHg, so there are roughly 40% fewer oxygen molecules per breath. In order to properly oxygenate the body, your breathing rate (even while at rest) has to increase. This extra ventilation increases the oxygen content in the blood, but not to sea level concentrations. Since the amount of oxygen required for activity is the same, the body must adjust to having less oxygen. In addition, for reasons not entirely understood, high altitude and lower air pressure causes fluid to leak from the capillaries which can cause fluid build-up in both the lungs and the brain. Continuing to higher altitudes without proper acclimatization can lead to potentially serious, even life-threatening illnesses.

The major cause of altitude illnesses is going too high too fast. Given time, your body can adapt to the decrease in oxygen molecules at a specific altitude. This process is known as acclimatization and generally takes 1-3 days at that altitude. For example, if you hike to 10,000 feet (3,048 meters), and spend several days at that altitude, your body acclimatizes to 10,000 feet (3,048 meters). If you climb to 12,000 feet (3,658 meters), your body has to acclimatize once again. A number of changes take place in the body to allow it to operate with decreased oxygen.

The depth of respiration increases.
Pressure in pulmonary arteries is increased, "forcing" blood into portions of the lung which are normally not used during sea level breathing.
The body produces more red blood cells to carry oxygen,
The body produces more of a particular enzyme that facilitates
the release of oxygen from hemoglobin to the body tissues.

Prevention of Altitude Illnesses - Prevention of altitude illnesses falls into two categories, proper acclimatization and preventive medications. Below are a few basic guidelines for proper acclimatization.

If possible, don't fly or drive to high altitude. Start below 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) and walk up.
If you do fly or drive, do not over-exert yourself or move higher for the first 24 hours.
If you go above 10,000 feet (3,048 meters), only increase your altitude by 1,000 feet (305 meters) per day and for every 3,000 feet (915 meters) of elevation gained, take a rest day.
"Climb High and sleep low." This is the maxim used by climbers. You can climb more than 1,000 feet (305 meters) in a day as long as you come back down and sleep at a lower altitude.
If you begin to show symptoms of moderate altitude illness, don't go higher until symptoms decrease (&quotDon't go up until symptoms go down").
If symptoms increase, go down, down, down!
Keep in mind that different people will acclimatize at different rates. Make sure all of your party is properly acclimatized before going higher.
Stay properly hydrated. Acclimatization is often accompanied by fluid loss, so you need to drink lots of fluids to remain properly hydrated (at least 3-4 quarts per day). Urine output should be copious and clear.
Take it easy; don't over-exert yourself when you first get up to altitude. Light activity during the day is better than sleeping because respiration decreases during sleep, exacerbating the symptoms.
Avoid tobacco and alcohol and other depressant drugs including, barbiturates, tranquilizers, and sleeping pills. These depressants further decrease the respiratory drive during sleep resulting in a worsening of the symptoms.
Eat a high carbohydrate diet (more than 70% of your calories from carbohydrates) while at altitude.
The acclimatization process is inhibited by dehydration, over-exertion, and alcohol and other depressant drugs.

Preventive Medications
Diamox (Acetazolamide) allows you to breathe faster so that you metabolize more oxygen, thereby minimizing the symptoms caused by poor oxygenation. This is especially helpful at night when respiratory drive is decreased. Since it takes a while for Diamox to have an effect, it is advisable to start taking it 24 hours before you go to altitude and continue for at least five days at higher altitude. The recommendation of the Himalayan Rescue Association Medical Clinic is 125 mg. twice a day (morning and night). (The standard dose was 250 mg., but their research showed no difference for most people with the lower dose, although some individuals may need 250 mg.) Possible side effects include tingling of the lips and finger tips, blurring of vision, and alteration of taste. These side effects may be reduced with the 125 mg. dose. Side effects subside when the drug is stopped. Contact your physician for a prescription. Since Diamox is a sulfonamide drug, people who are allergic to sulfa drugs should not take Diamox. Diamox has also been known to cause severe allergic reactions to people with no previous history of Diamox or sulfa allergies. Frank Hubbell of SOLO recommends a trial course of the drug before going to a remote location where a severe allergic reaction could prove difficult to treat.

Dexamethasone (a steroid) is a prescription drug that decreases brain and other swelling reversing the effects of AMS. Dosage is typically 4 mg twice a day for a few days starting with the ascent. This prevents most symptoms of altitude illness. It should be used with caution and only on the advice of a physician because of possible serious side effects. It may be combined with Diamox. No other medications have been proven valuable for preventing AMS.

Nepal Trekking Guide

Nepal Trekking Guide

He can guide your trekking perfectly in many ways. Far beyond showing you the trekking trails, he can show you about the area and the mountains, explain about local flora and fauna,teach you the Nepali language, introduce you to locals, share culture,life styles of villagers and festivals, run ahead staff and secure lodging in the busy season, help out with your backpack if you are struggling, and be invaluable in a bad situation, look after logistics - like registering your details in every check post, organizing your transport to the trek head – weather you go by bus or plane, liaising and directing the porter, etc. A licensed guide - licensed through a month long training session held by TAAN every year and instructs in a variety of subjects including first aid, altitude sickness and other important issues and must have a certain level of English fluency determined in an interview.

A porter is hired to carry your bags, and that alone can make a big difference trekking. Just be sure to give him a reasonable load, usually a fully packed backpack. If you are with friend try to group your stuff together in one big backpack and give that to a porter and then each carry a smaller daypack. A porter generally doesn't speak English but will follow a trail just not get lost. Hire a porter! The best means of helping a porter is to hire one. Hundreds of thousands of families in Nepal depends upon portering as their main source of income.

Sometimes you can find a porter-guide , which might be ideal if you are trekking alone or if you have only one other companion. This is usually a porter who has been on a number of treks, speaks some English, and aspires to graduate to the guide status. It's not that easy to find a porter-guide, especially in peak season.

Nepal Climate and Weather

Nepal has four different seasons. Spring from March to May, is warm with rain showers, flowering different flower in forest and good season for trekking, hiking, village tour and tour. Summer, from June to August, is the monsoon season when the hills turn lush and green. People do short trek and tour also this time. Autumn, from September to November, is cool with clear sky and is the most popular season for trekking, hiking, village tour and tour. In winter, from December to February, it is cold at night with fog in the early morning. People do trek and tour also this time.

Trekkers can do summer trekking and winter trekking in Nepal, it is long days trekking and also short days trekking depends up on trekking region area. Because Nepal is quite far south in Latitude (same as Miami), the weather is warmer and winter is much milder at lower elevations. The monsoon is determined by the Bay of Bengal. It is hot during the monsoon with rain almost everyday. During this season, trekkers can do short trekking in Nepal (known as summer trek).It is difficult and uncomfortable, the trails being muddy and infested with leeches in hill region. It usually does not rain for more that one or two days during the entire autumn and the winter season. In the winter, the mountains are covered with snow including some high hills. Mt. Everest itself is a huge black rock during the trekking season, which becomes snow-covered only during the winter. People can do short trekking (known as winter trek).

Nepal Visa Information

Nepal Visa Information

The Visa is compulsory for all visitors to visit in Nepal, except Indian to enter Nepal. Nepal Visa can be obtained from any Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or at the entry points in Nepal. New visa rule is applied for tourist in Nepal,effective from 16 July 2008. Tourists who visit Nepal must hold valid passport and visa.

A. Entry Visa 
Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepal Embassy/ Consulate or Mission offices abroad, or at the following immigration offices in Nepal:
. Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
. Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
.Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
. Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
. Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
. Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
. Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
. Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)

B. Tourist Visa
Multiple entries, 15 days
Fees: US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entries, 30 days
Fees: US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entries, 90 days
Fees: US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

C. Tourist Visa Extension
.Visa extension fee for 15 days or less is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible currency and visa extension fee for more than 15 days is US$ 2 per day
.Tourist visa can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a single visa year (January – December).

D. Gratis (Free) Visa
. Gratis visa for 30 days available only for tourists of SAARC countries.
. Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.

E. Transit Visa
Transit visa for one day can be obtained from Nepal's immigration offices at the entry points upon the production of departure flight ticket via Tribhuvan International Airport in Nepal, by paying US $ 5 or equivalent convertible currency.

A living Goddess Kumari festival in Nepal

Festivals in Nepal

Long time ago, Kathmandu Durbar Square is king’s palace before Shah dyanasty ruling in Nepal.Kathmandu Durbar Square is listed in World Heritage Sites,UNESCO. Kathmandu Durbar Square  is known as Basantapur Durbar Square which is one of the famouse sight seeing spot for the wood carving and historical cultural and religion.Visit the old center of Kathmandu with the kings palace, Basantapur,a living goddess home as kumari  home  and Durbar Square.
Nepal is the Land of Festivals . Festivals may be linked with the remembrance of the departed soul, to herald a different season, to mark the beginning or end of the agricultural cycle, to mark national events, or for family celebrations. Kumari (Vestal Virgin) or the only living Goddes in the world, who represents a very ancient Hindu deity of Nepal locally known as Taleju, is Buddhist by birth..It is strong faith that Kumari is believed to be the incarnation of the goddess Taleju Bhawani, symbols of Bhagabati. The god-house of Kumari Ghar(Kumari Chowk) is a store-house of magnificent intricate wood carvings where the Living Goddess performs her daily rituals.

Kumari Jatra Festival is celebrated at Kathmandu valley in Nepal Kumari Festival (also called the Rath Jatra, or Chariot Festival), which occurs on the third and fourth days of Indra Jatra festival. One of the primary events of the Kumari Jatra is the pulling of the three-tiered chariot .Kumari is carried through the streets of Kathmandu town during festival.She is attended by two other living gods, Ganesh and Bhairav. Ganesh and Bhairav  are brothers of Kumari.

According to religion history, Taleju Bhawani came to play dice regularly with king.While plying dice , king fell bad desirly with her and she disappeared and gave him dream about kumara.From that day to till,kumara has been chosen specially and respect to her. She is  known as a living goddess in Nepal.Once a year during Indra Jatra  festival the king of Nepal seeks the Kumari's blessing.